By his eminence, the great scholar, Shaikh Abdul-Azeez Ibn Baz
Allah the Glorified and Most High has mentioned these benefits in His, be He Mighty and Sublime, statement in the chapter entitled Hajj after ordering His prophet and close friend Ibrahim (peace be upon him) with building the sanctified house,
“And proclaim to mankind the Hajj (pilgrimage). They will come to you on foot and on every lean camel, they will come from every deep and distant (wide) mountain highway (to perform Hajj). That they may witness things that are of benefit to them (i.e. reward of Hajj in the Hereafter, and also some worldly gain from trade, etc.), and mention the Name of Allah on appointed days (i.e. 10th, 11th, 12th, and 13th day of Dhul-Hijjâh), over the beast of cattle that He has provided for them (for sacrifice) (at the time of their slaughtering by saying: Bismillah, Wallâhu-Akbar, Allâhumma Minka wa Ilaik). Then eat thereof and feed therewith the poor who have a very hard time.” [Al-Hajj, 27-28]
From this, some of the scholars of tafseer (may Allah have mercy upon them) have mentioned the benefits that are attained by the pilgrims, worldly and heavenly from that which is witnessed and sensed by the individual Muslim in himself and in his nation.
From the worldly benefits that people can sense are buying and selling, the earning of those at the borders which is connected to the pilgrims and the constant movement of the many types of transportation, the benefit of the poor from what is given to them in charity, presented in the form of sacrifice, slaughter, offering, and atoning sacrifice given for those prohibitions which were committed by the pilgrims, selling commodities and livestock, and the many other things that every Muslim senses when taking part in the Pilgrimage. And from that which is apparent is Allah’s, Glorified is He, making easy of giving and spending on people for Hajj so much so that his (the pilgrim’s) hand is open with generosity in a way that was not known of before in his normal life, along with the Muslims getting to know one another during the pilgrimage and cooperating towards their welfare.
As for the religious benefits which bring the pilgrim abundant good from righteous actions such as: gaining understanding of the religion, having concern for the Muslims affairs in general, cooperating upon piety and righteousness, calling to Allah the Glorified, ordering with good and forbidding the evil, performing extra prayers and circuits around the Kabah, remembering Allah the Mighty and Sublime, sending prayer and salutation upon His prophet, gaining that which Allah has promised the pilgrims from forgiveness of sins, Paradise, and mercy upon the servants in these great places.
It has been authentically reported from the prophet r that he said,
"There is no day when God sets free more servants from Hell than the Day of 'Arafa. He draws near, then praises them to the angels, saying: What do these want?”,
narrated by Muslim from the Hadeeth of Aisha (may Allah be pleased with her).
He (peace be upon him) also said,
“An Umra is an expiation for the sins committed between it and the next, and the accepted pilgrimage will receive no other reward than Paradise.” [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
And in Sahih Al-Bukhari on the authority of Abu Hurairah (may Allah be pleased with him), the prophet (peace be upon him) has said,
“whomever makes the pilgrimage and is not obscene nor sinful will return just as the day his mother birthed him”
and there are many prophetic statements containing this meaning. [Al-Bukhari & Muslim]
Translated by: Abu Ibrahim John Starling
January 10, 2007