By The Great Scholar His Eminence
Shaikh Abdul-Azeez bin Baz
Q: What is your opinion of the one that says, fasting the ten days of Thul-Hijjah is an innovation?
A: This is an ignorant person who needs to be taught, for the prophet (peace be upon him) had great concern with righteous actions in those days and fasting is from the righteous actions as he (peace be upon him) said, “There are no days in which righteous actions are more beloved to Allah than these ten days”, they (the companions said) “Not even striving in the way of Allah?” He (peace be upon him) said, “Not even striving in the way of Allah, except the man who goes out with only his self (or soul) and wealth and doesn't return with any of it.” [Al-Bukhari] Even if the prophet (peace be upon him) did not fast these days, as it has been reported by some that he fasted them and by others that he did not fast them, that which is relied upon is his r statement. His r statement is greater than his action and if his statement and action are joined (in agreement) then that is more certain for the sunnah. So the statement (of the messenger (peace be upon him)) is considered authoritative by itself as is the action by itself and his silent approvals, so if the prophet (peace be upon him) said something, performed an action, or approved something it is all considered from the sunnah but the greatest and most authoritative is his statement, then his action, and then his approvals (in this order). The prophet (peace be upon him) said, “There are no days in which righteous actions are more beloved to Allah then these ten days” meaning here the ten days of Thul-Hijjah. Thus if he (the one questioning the solidity of fasting) was to fast or give charity in them he would be upon great goodness. This is just as it is legislated to praise, thank, and glorify Allah according to his (peace be upon him) statement, “There are no days greater to Allah nor more beloved for actions than these ten days, so increase in praising, glorifying, and thanking Allah”. May Allah grant all success.
Translation: Abu Ibrahim John Starling